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Gymnastique
Références

Mise à jour : 24 Janvier 2020
Quel sport pour votre
patient ?

Références

  • Comité sport-santé, Fédération française de gymnastique

Le programme Santé Gym de la FFG est basé sur des études ayant montré :

  • une diminution de la perte osseuse chez la femme ménopausée (Wolff et coll., 1999).
  • une diminution du risque de fracture du col du femur (Feskanich et coll., 2002)
  • une conservation de la fonction musculaire nécessaire au maintien de la mobilité chez le sujet âgé (Rantanen et coll., 1994 et 1996) (Fiatarone et coll., 1990 );( Pyka et coll., 1994)
  • une amélioration de l’équilibre et une moindre incidence des chutes (Hu et Woollacott, 1994) ainsi que la réduction des chutes nécessitant d’avoir recours à des soins médicaux ou chirurgicaux (Tinetti et coll. 1994)
  • une amélioration des capacités fonctionnelles et à une diminution des douleurs dans l’arthrose (Mangione et coll., 1999 ; Dias et coll., 2000 ;Hartman et coll., 2000 ; Messier et coll., 2000)
  • une amélioration du bien-être et de la qualité de vie (Rejeski et coll., 1996 ; Rejeski et Mihalko, 2001 ; Spirduso et Cronin, 2001 ; Netz et coll., 2005)
  • une amélioration du capital verbal, de la rétention visuelle, de la structuration spatiale, du tonus mental, et du développement de la mémoire et des habiletés intellectuelles (Bixby et coll., 2007)
  • une diminution des lombalgies : Méthode posturo-respiratoire De Gasquet

 

Avancée en âge :

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Lombalgie :

  • Bigos SJ, Holland J, Holland C, Webster JS, Battie M, Malmgren JA. High-quality controlled trials on preventing episodes of back problems: systematic literature review in working-age adults. Spine J. 2009;9:147‑68.
  • Burton AK, Balagué F, Cardon G, Eriksen HR, Henrotin Y, et al. European guidelines for prevention in low back pain: 2004. European Spine Journal. 2006;15:s136‑68
  • Choi BK, Verbeek JH, Tam WW, Jiang JY. Exercises for prevention of recurrences of low-back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 1):CD006555.  
  • Dijken C, Fjellman-Wiklund A, Hildingsson C. Low back pain, lifestyle factors and physical activity: A population based-study. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. 2008;40:864‑9. 
  • Garber CE, Blissmer B, Deschenes MR, Franklin BA, Lamonte MJ, Lee I-M, et al. Quantity and Quality of Exercise for Developing and Maintaining Cardiorespiratory, Musculoskeletal, and Neuromotor Fitness in Apparently Healthy Adults: Guidance for Prescribing Exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc.. 2011;43:1334‑59. 
  • Gordon R, Bloxham S. A Systematic Review of the Effects of Exercise and Physical Activity on Non-Specific Chronic Low Back Pain. Healthcare (Basel). 2016;4. pii: E22. doi: 10.3390/healthcare4020022.
  • Hayden J, Van Tulder MW, Malmivaara A, Koes BW. Exercise therapy for treatment of nonspecific low back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Jul 20;(3):CD000335.
  • Heneweer H, Vanhees L, Picavet SJH. Physical activity and low back pain: A U-shaped relation ? Pain. 2009;143:21‑5. 
  • Heneweer H, Staes F, Aufdekampe G, van Rijn M, Vanhees L. Physical activity and low back pain: a systematic review of recent literature. Eur Spine J 2011;20:826-45.
  • Inani SB, Selkar SP. Effect of core stabilization exercises versus conventional exercises on pain and functional status in patients with non-specific low back pain: a randomized clinical trial. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2013;26:37-43.
  • Macedo LG, Bostick GP, Maher CG. Exercise for Prevention of Recurrences of Nonspecific Low Back Pain. Physical Therapy. 2013;93:1587‑91.
  • McGill, S.M. Low back disorders: Evidence based prevention and rehabilitation, Human Kinetics Publishers, Champaign, IL, U.S.A., 2002. ISBN 0-7360-4241-5, Third Edition, 2016.
  • Steffens D, Maher CG et al. Prevention of Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review and Metaanalysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2016;176:199-208. 

Vous pouvez consulter le chapitre Gymnastique de la fédération (format PDF) : Chapitre FF Gymnastique

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